In the latest textbooks, the terminology has changed. It used to be called Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), but the new term is just Heart Failure (HF). In this study guide we will use the term heart failure.
1) Review and redefine the terms preload, after load, cardiac output, stroke volume, and Starling’s law of the heart.
2) How do the baroreceptors in the carotid arch influence hormone secretion in heart failure?
3) Explain the role of these hormones in heart failure:
4) What is the physiology that causes the primary symptoms of dyspnea, edema, and fatigue in heart failure?
5) Why does paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) occur primarily at night?
6) Contrast the etiology of left and right sided heart failure.
7) Differentiate Cor Pulmonale from right sided heart failure.
Comparison of heart, kidney, and liver failure symptoms
Nicole is a Professional Nursing Tutor with over 15 years experience, and the founder of Your Nursing Tutor. She has a BSN, and an MA in Clinical Psychology. Nicole specializes in providing easy-to-follow, proven study methods (like the Silver Bullet Study System) that transform frustrated nursing students into calm, confident nurses! When she’s not helping students through her Live Tutoring Membership, Nicole loves spending time with her husband, homeschooling their 6 kids, and staring at sunflowers.