Basics of Neuro

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1) What is a neuron? Draw one, and identify the major parts.  Don’t peak at the second page until you try it. And don’t complain about drawing, I’m definitely not an artist, but I drew one for the answer sheet!

 

 

 

 

2) What are the functions of the different parts of the neuron? P.S. If you didn’t label the above neuron with all of the parts below, maybe you should go back and do that now…

1.      Dendrites

a.

2.      Soma

a.

3.      Axon hillock

a.

4.      Axon

a.

b.

c.

5.      Myelin sheaths

a.

 

3) What are the 4 lobes of the brain, where are they located, and what function are they most known for?

1.

a.       Located:

b.      Function:

2.

a.       Located:

b.      Function:

3.

a.       Located:

b.      Function:

4.

a.       Located:

b.      Function:

4) How is the nervous system divided up?

1.

a.

i.

b.

i.

2.

a.

i.

b.

i.

c.

i.

1.

ii.

1.

 

5) What are some other major structures in the brain, and what do they do? Name as many as you can, your list may not be exactly the same as mine.

1.

a.

2.

a.

3.

a.

4.

a.

5.

a.

6.

a.

b.

i.

ii.

 

6) Describe what the blood-brain barrier is, and summarize its function.

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